GHS – new system of packaging and labeling of dangerous substances and preparations

The primary aim of classification, packaging and labeling of hazardous chemicals is to reduce risks for man and the environment when using hazardous chemicals. Since 1991, the Republic of Slovenia has had codified what is referred to as a “European” principle of classification and labeling of hazardous chemicals that has been in use since 1967 and has significantly differed from that in the USA.

When classifying and labeling substances and preparations, all EU Member States apply uniform rules and a list of uniformly classified dangerous substances. This list has been made in the framework of the European Commission at the European Chemicals Bureau (ECB), where working groups of experts from all EU Member States and representatives of industry have been in place for more than 15 years. Taking into account criteria laid down by law and relevant data (internationally recognized tests, experiences in handling certain substances, expert literature), these expert groups determine hazardous properties of substances and consequently decide on their classification and labels.

Anyone placing hazardous chemicals on the market in the Republic of Slovenia is, according to the provisions of the Chemicals Act (OJ RS, No. 110/2003), liable to classify, package and label them in line with all relevant rules.

There are 2 rules in place in the Republic of Slovenia when it comes to classification, packaging and labeling of dangerous substances and preparations. The Rules on classification, packaging and labeling of dangerous substances (OJ RS, No. 35/05), and the Rules on classification, packaging and labeling of dangerous preparations (OJ RS, No. 67/05 and 137/06) transposing Directive 67/548/EEC (with all amendments ) and 1999/45/EC (with all amendments).

These Rules consist of detailed rules for classification (identification of hazardous physical and chemical, dangerous-for-the-environment properties of hazardous chemicals, and allocation of R-phrases) and labeling (selection of appropriate symbols and appropriate R-phrases and S-phrases based on identified hazardous properties of chemicals).
The NCB has drafted a short summary of Annex VI (only in Slovenian) that can help us classify chemicals and prepare labels.
Users of hazardous chemicals are informed about their hazardous properties by way of labels and safety data sheets.
SAFETY DATA SHEET is an identity card for chemicals. It has to be drawn up for all dangerous substances and preparations, as well as for non-dangerous preparations containing dangerous substances in certain amounts. SDSs contain all necessary data on a chemical, i.e.: findings on its hazardous properties, test results, first aid measures, anti-fire measures, measures in case of spillage and leakage etc. Based on all SDS data appropriate measures regarding intoxication and chemical accidents are agreed on, as are also the most appropriate methods of their use (protective clothing, working conditions with chemicals, exposure time, storage, etc).

Anyone placing hazardous chemicals on the market in the Republic of Slovenia is liable to provide SDS free of charge to any professional user of hazardous chemicals and to all buyers of biocidal preparations.

Source: Chemical Office of the Republic of Slovenia

Based on the GHS, CLP Regulation (1272/2008) has been adopted on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and compounds (Classification, Labelling & Packaging OF SUBSTANCES AND mixtures), as it is. GHS will be introduced in two phases. First come into force 01.12.2010 for substances and second 01.6.2015 for the mixtures.

In short: GHS feature introduces new graphical symbols.

Instead of R-and S-phrases, phrases are now for the hazard precautionary statements,

Interesting information coluld be found on web page Prévention du risque chimiqueand Evropean agency for chemical safety .

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